A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when a head impact jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. The brain is a soft organ surrounded by spinal fluid that acts like a cushion during normal movement. If the head or body receives a significant hit, the brain may crash into the skull and sustain injury. Delicate neural pathways in the brain can become damaged, causing neurological disturbances.
Concussions can cause serious and sometimes permanent damage. In some cases, dangerous and sometimes fatal swelling and bleeding can occur inside the brain. The more forceful the blow to the head, the greater the chance of serious injury. Repeated concussions and head trauma without proper healing time between each head injury has been shown to cause long-term harm.
Sports concussions are on a dramatic rise - 1 in 5 high school athletes will sustain a concussion this year. More than 33% of sports-related concussions happen during practice.
Most bumps on the head are minor and heal just like bumps anywhere else on the body. However, sometimes a head impact can be worse that it looks. Even if there is no bleeding or visible bump, a head trauma can cause complications such as dizziness, headache, loss of balance or a loss of consciousness.
Approximately 90 percent of diagnosed concussions do not involve a loss of consciousness, so it is important to look for signs and symptoms of concussion.
Concussion symptoms can range from very mild to severe, and can last for days, weeks, or longer. If you or someone you know has received a head impact, it is important to look for signs of a concussion.
Click on the link below to see a good explanation of concussions from Texas Scottish Rite Sports Medicine Center starring our very own Rocco Paul.